Having small farms is hard. There are a lot of things to consider before having a successful farm, like crops, weather, livestock, etc. Growing crops are hard because there can be a lot of pests or insects that can ruin the crops. When dealing with livestock, you have to consider the weight of the livestock and if it is healthy and can be sold. The farmer or the owner of the farm should be meticulous in growing crops and the crops should be compatible with the weather in the farmer’s area.
If you have a plan of establishing a farm and plant crops, you have to first consider the soil where you are going to grow your crops. Consider doing these:
• Soil Testing
Soil testing is one of the important management practices on all farms. It’s nearly impossible to determine what soil needs to be productive without a soil analysis. There are many type of soil analyses available depending on what kind of information you need.
• Soil Surveys
Learning about the different types of soil on a farm is invaluable. It is important because different soils require different kind of management practices.
• Nutrient Management
Managing nutrients, whether it is synthetic fertilizer or manure requires a lot of planning. Determining which type of fertilizer to apply, the application rate and timing are key factors in managing soil improve crop yield and quality, reduce fertilizer costs and then help protect the environment.
• Improving Soils and Cover Crops
Soils have some properties that cannot be changed, like texture; soil quality can be improved by implementing good management strategies. Soils can be improved for water holding capacity, drainage, structure, and even the ability for the plant roots to penetrate through the soil.
• Compost and Water Quality
Learn how to conduct efficient, cost-effective, on-farm composting that promotes compost quality and protect water quality.