A farm is an area of land that is developed for agricultural processes or an area of water that is made to aqua cultural processes in order to produce and manage commodities such as grains, fiber, livestock, dairy products and oil.
The term farm is from the Medieval Latin noun firma meaning a fixed agreement or contract, from the classical Latin adjective firmus meaning strong, stout and firm.
It is hard to identify where the small farms started. At the beginning, people are hunters and gatherers. The male of a certain group or tribe are the hunters and the female and the children are the gatherers. Small families at that time learned how to plant so that they won’t experience lack of food. Fruits and vegetables are the main source of food at that time because it is more accessible to them.
The first hunter gatherers to discover that they could encourage the growth of favorite plants and animals were gypsy farmers who interacted with plants and animals in the lands through which they wandered.
Today, small farms are classified there specialization, mainly:
• Dairy Farm
Dairy farming is a class of agriculture where female cattle, goats and other mammals are raised for their milk, which can be processed on-site or transported to a dairy for processing and eventual retail sale.
Dairy farms usually sell male calves for their meat. Many dairy farms also grow their own feed which fed directly to the cows or is stored as silage for use during winter season.
• Poultry Farm
Poultry farming is the raising of domesticated birds such as chickens, turkeys and geese, for the purpose of farming meat or eggs for food. Chickens raised for eggs are called layers while the chickens raised for their meat are called broilers.
• Pig Farm
Pig farming is the raising and breeding of domestic pigs. Pigs are raised mainly for food and sometimes for their skin.